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About Zakat al FitrProphet Muhammad PBUH said:
“The fasting of the Ramadan will be hanging between earth and heavens, and it will not be raised up to the Divine Presence without paying the Zakat al-Fitr.”
Zakat al Fitr (also sometimes known as Sadaqah-e-Fitr or Fitrana) is an amount paid by every Muslim when the holy month of Ramadan comes to an end. As per the teachings of Islam, this form of charity is obligatory for every Muslim to pay regardless of their age or gender, which is why the head of the family often pays it on behalf of all the dependants.
Zakat al Fitr is a token of gratitude paid for having the opportunity to do the fasting. It also acts as a source of purification from any prohibited acts that might have occurred by an individual during the month of Ramadan. It is Allah’s way of devising a mechanism that helps the poor of the society and enables them to celebrate Eid with the same zeal and fervours as others.According to a Hadith mentioned in Sahih Hadith:
“The Messenger of Allah enjoined that Sadaqatul Fitr should be given before the people go out to pray.”
Zakat al Fitr must be paid before the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer. The general ruling is to pay it at the end of Ramadan but before offering the Eid prayer. Anything given after the prayer becomes general charity but not Fitrana. At Syria Relief we collect Zakat al Fitr from the eligible Muslims and spend the amount to address the basic needs of those hit by the Syrian conflict.
ZAKAT AND SADAQAH
could be the help we need to ensure families in Syria will eat this Ramadan.
More About Zakat al Fitr
Zakat al Fitr can be paid to all those who are entitled to receive Zakat, including but not limited to the deserving relatives or neighbours, poor or needy in general, and also those who take the responsibility of collecting Zakat al Fitr.According to a Hadith:
The Messenger of Allah enjoined Sadaqatul Fitr upon young and old, male and female, free and slave; a Sa of dates or a Sa of barley. He said: The people considered that equivalent to half a Sa of wheat. (Sahih Hadees)Another similar narration in Sahih Hadith says:
It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas said: We used to pay Zakaul Fitr when the Messenger of Allah was among us; a Sa' of food, or a Sa' of barley, or a Sa' of dates, or a Sa' of raisins, or a Sa of cottage cheese.
One ‘sa’ generally equals 3 kilograms. Any form of staple food including wheat, barley, dates, raisins or cheese can be given as Zakat al Fitr. Islamic scholars usually define the due amount of Zakat al Fitr for the masses every year after considering the prevailing economic conditions of a region which saves the payers from any confusion regarding relevant calculations for the year.